Administrator’s note: This is an updated version of an article previously published to Court Leader on April 10, 2018.
Using artificial intelligence (AI) to analyze large data sets could greatly increase the effectiveness and usability of tools which can guide people through the resolution of legal disputes and assist them in making legal decisions. At the same time, there are a number of risks and shortcomings if these tools are not developed and used responsibly. The objective of this paper is to identify the benefits, risks, and risk mitigation measures associated with using AI in building and maintaining tools that assist users in navigating the judicial process or making legal decisions, including as part of a court web portal. The intended audience is people looking at the use of AI developed tools in courts. Given the potential advantages of using AI developed tools, the objective is to create an awareness of the types of risks and possible mitigation measures associated with the use of AI developed tools. The discussion is not a “how to” manual for developing AI tools for use in courts, nor are the differences and nuances of various AI approaches explored. While the discussion identifies risk mitigation approaches, it does not prescribe detailed solutions. One does not have to be an expert in AI and data science to understand and evaluate the use of AI developed tools in a court setting. And it is policy makers, not tool developers, that should establish goals and accountability for any AI developed tools.
Court Leader is pleased to present a special article by Alan Carlson. Click here to continue reading.